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[Ottoman Architecture] [Ottoman Architecture] [Late period]


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The 16th and 17th centuries, when the Ottoman Empire was a great power on the world with its borders extending from North Africa to Austria, witnessed the most glorious period of the classical Ottoman architecture, developing in parallel to the power of the empire. However, the Ottoman Empire, which had active political, economic and cultural relations with the west, lost land for the first time with the Treaty of Karlowitz after the Second Siege of Vienna, and then began another period for the Ottomans as they sought to learn the novelties in the west.

The process of westernization, implying the social and cultural change in the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries brought about the use of new forms, materials and techniques in arts. The sultans of this period the architectural understanding of their times are explained below.