Official Language: Turkish
Capital City: Ankara
The Most Crowded City: Istanbul
Constitution of the State: Republic. Democratic , Secular and Social State of Law
Polity: Parliamentary Democracy
Founder: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
President of the Republic: Abdullah Gul
Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Area: 780.580 km²
Covers: 1.3% of the World’s surface The 36th widest country.
Population: 75.627.384 (2012) - The 17th most crowded country.
Population Density: 86,2 person/km²
23rd April: The Opening of Grand National Assembly of Turkey (1920)
19th May: The Beginning of War of Independence (1919)
30th August: Victory of War of Independence (1922)
29th October: Proclamation of the Republic (1923)
National Income (GNP): 300 billion ABD Dollars (2004) The 21st richest country
Per Capita Income: 4.250 USA Dollars (2004) The 63rd wealthiest country
Currency Unit: Turkish Lira (TL) Turkish Lira since 1st January 2009; the old unit was New Turkish Lira.
Time Zone: EET (UTC+2) - Summer time : EEST (UTC+3)
National Anthem: Istiklal Marsi
National Colors: Red and white
The Internet Domain Name: .tr
Phone Code: +90