Located in the Eastern Black Sea Region, Giresun was established on a peninsula. Giresun with its scenic beauties, virgin forests, plateaus, rivers, historical and cultural assets is a worthwhile region to visit and one of the important and attractive palaces of Turkey.
The unique island of the Eastern Black Sea, The Giresun Island is almost 2 km away to the coast. Thanks to the suitable climate of Giresun for the living and growing of the plants, the forests of various kinds of trees begin at the seashore and extend until the height of 2000 meters. Being open to the northwest wind, the region has a dense flora. The Eastern Black Sea Region, including also Giresun, is the region with the highest precipitation rate in Turkey.
Dominated by the temperate climate, in the province the summers are generally warm and the winters soft.
After the Hittites, the Phrygians, the Milesians, the Byzantine, the Seljukian, and the Ottoman Empire dominated the region during the history.
The linguistic studies and investigations about the history of the old cities and counties of Anatolia stated that the Turkish oriented communities have lived in this region from the years of 2000s BC.
From the epigraphs belonging to the age of the Hittite Empire, it was understood that Giresun was a part of the Azzi Region. The Miletus Empire, established almost 90 colonies in the Black Sea Region, was also the founder of the cities Giresun and Inebolu. The Romans could not achieve a full domination over Giresun, which had important silver and iron seams in its neighborhood. Reportedly, the money was coined in their era in this region. Giresun was ruled by the Byzantine Empire after the Romans.
After accepting to being taxed by the Anatolian Seljuks and becoming an administrative region of the Turks, the Mongols captured Trabzon in 1244. As e result, as being related to Trebizond, Giresun and its environs began to live under the Mongolian sovereignty, too. In the meantime, Cepnis, who were a clan belonging to the Ucok Branch of Oguz, began to settle down on the borders of the provinces Ordu, Giresun, and Trebizond.
Bayram Bey was the bey (the chief in Turks) of the Cepni Turcoman, who gained the control of Ordu and its environs. The region began to be called as “Bayramli Beylik” during the reign of his son Hadji Emir Bey. Like his father, he continued to attack to the Kingdom of Trebizond Pontus, and his son Emir Suleiman Bey conquered Giresun in 1397. During his reign, the conquest of Giresun and its neighborhood were completed and this region became totally a Turkish territory. Due to the internal and external conflicts, this beylik lost its power and was annexed to Kadi (the Richter) Burhaneddin, the Sivas Emperor; consequently Giresun became a part of this beylik, too.
With the conquest of Trebizond by Sultan Mehmet II, the conqueror, in 1461, Giresun was annexed to the Ottoman Territory, too.www.giresun.bel.tr
The counties of the Giresun Province are Alucra, Bulancak, Camoluk, Canakci, Dereli, Dogankent, Espiye, Eynesil, Gorele, Guce, Kesap, Piraziz, Sebinkarahisar, Tirebolu and Yaglidere.
It’s 131 km away to the provincial center. The important places for sightseeing are the Kamisli Church, the Sivri Hill, the Bride Rock, the Twins Hill, and the Maidens Castle. There are mineral water springs in the villages of Yesilyurt and Aktepe. Besides, the Acisu and the Tepesidelik Caves are famous. Its important plateaus are Cakrak, Gulluce, and Akyatak. The tumulus, near to the Alucra County, is thought to date back to the 8th century BC.
It’s a coastal county on the 14 kilometers of the Giresun- Samsun road. The important places, worthwhile to see, are Acisu, the Rock Church, the Burunucu Mosque and Fountain, the Central Old Mosque, and the Demircili Humpback Bridge.
Its distance to the provincial center is almost 145 kilometers. The important places of the county for sightseeing are the castle remains in the villages of Kaledere and Haciahmetoglu.
It’s 78 km away to the provincial center. The communication of the village people by whistling among them attracts attentions of the foreign tourists and the press members to the Kuskoyu Village. The Kuskoyu Festival, organized in the county, is interesting.
It’s 32 km away to the center of Giresun. The Virgin Mary Monastery in the Hisar Village, the Kusluhan Village, the paintings on the Shepherd Rock in the Akkaya Village, the stone floored ways, the rocks having writings on them, the remains of a castle and the historical passage, of which entrance is through a door under the road in the Demirkapi region are interesting. Again in the Kiziltas Village, it can be visited the H. Mustafa Shrein and the Tomb. A lot of humpback bridges, over the Aksu River in the Dereli County, are worthwhile to sightsee.
It’s 30 km away to the shore of the Tirebolu County and on the border of Gumushane. There are many rivers in the county, which was established on the Valley of the Harsit Brook. The Dandi Castle and the magnificient scenic beauties of the region should be seen.
Its distance to the provincial center of Giresun is 33 kilometers. The Andoz Castle, which was announced as Archeological Protected Area of first degree, is another element of beauty in the region. The Espiye Central Mosque, the church in the Sahinyuva Village; and humpback bridges like the Aganin Bridge, the Horova Bridge and the Ericek Bridge are outstanding. There is also the remaining of a shipyard, which is thought to belong to the Genoese in the Zefre Location, which is 4 km away to central Espiye.
MUSEUMS AND HISTORICAL ARTIFACTS
The museum building is a historical structure, which has remained from the 18th century. The building was constructed by the local Greeks living in Giresun as an orthodox church in the middle of the 18th century and used as a church until 1923. The building was restored and converted to a museum by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in the year of 1988.
The stone material used in the construction was mined out of the stone quarries in the environs of Giresun.
The artifacts belonging to the Old Bronze, the Hittite, the Hellenistic, the Roman, the Byzantine, the Seljukian and the Ottoman periods and ethnographic items are exhibited in the museum. Besides, there are some stone artifacts in the courtyard.
Kuvva-yi Milliye (the National Powers during the War of Independence) and the Osman Aga Museum
The paintings, statues and documents, which belong to the Kuvva-yi Milliye heroes of Giresun, which battled in the National War, are exhibited in the museum. There are the photographs of historical Giresun, the photographs of the Lame Osman Aga, who was the commander of the troop of the guardsmen of Ataturk, and his men, and the photographs of the martyrs of Giresun among the others. Besides, statues of the Lamp Osman Aga and the major Huseyin Avni Alpaslan, and historical rifles, guns and books exist in the museum.
The castle, established in the city center, has a fairly rich historical culture. There is the mausoleum of the Lame Osman Aga, a national war hero; and are also the remains of a historical palace, caverns, ramparts, constructed of rough stones and stone relieves in the castle. The Giresun Castle was situated on the hill, which overlooks the city and was located on the peninsula north to the city.
In addition to these the castles, which are in the counties, like the Sebinkarahisar Castle, the Tirebolu Castle and the Espiye Andoz Castle are worthwhile to visit.
The Seyyit Vakkas Shrine
It’s a shrine, remained from the 19th century, in the Kapu District. Seyyit Vakkas was one of the important border chieftains of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, and he died a martyr during a battle. Although he had lived in the 15th century, his shrine was built in the 19th century.
Traditional Giresun Houses
Some of the houses in the Zeytinlik District, southeast to the castle, are the old historical Giresun Houses. These houses, announced under protection, are attractive for the visitors. These houses are worthwhile to sightsee for the old house lovers, and the district is very interesting.
The building in the Cinarlar District, which serves as the Children Library at the present day, was constructed on the gothic architecture style in the 18th century. It protects its original structure.
OTHER TOURISTIC, CULTURAL AND NATURAL ASSETS
Giresun Island, the unique island of the Black Sea Region, is one mile off the coast, and it has an area of 40,000 square meters. There are 71 kinds of vegetables of natural herbaceous and ligneous; especially, the major ones are the Mediterranean Daphne and a kind of acacia. Lately, 10 kinds of trees are added to the flora. The island, on which the cormorants and the seagulls of the Black Sea proliferate naturally, at the same time, is one of the break and rest points of the migrant birds. There are the remains of the mythological ages in the island, about which many legends have been told and on which the Amazons and many other tribes have lived. The island is a SIT are (under protection) of the second degree. The island, being cynosure of the foreign and indigenous tourists in the summer season, is visited, picnicked for the day. Besides, special trips with small and middle classed boats around the island were organized on the May 20 International Aksu Festival, which is known as May 7 Festival, too.
Cherry and Hazelnut
It’s known that the homeland of the cherry is Giresun, besides; the name of the cherry was lent to it by this lovely and green coastal city of the Eastern Black Sea, which had the ancient name of Kerasus.
In which the first cultivated hazelnut in the world was grown, Giresun hosts the most qualified hazelnut production (Giresun Fat Hazelnut) in the world. The cultivation of the hazelnut dates back to almost 2500 years ago. Enophen tells about a small fruit, as he called “Pontus Nut”, in Pontus Euxinus (Kerasus) (Giresun) in the years of 400s before the Jesus Christ. This shows that the homeland of the hazelnut was the Eastern Black Sea Region of our country and cultivated hazelnut spread to the world from this region. The hazelnut appears in every aspect of life in Giresun. It plays a very important role in both production and cuisine.
There are natural beaches, lying along the shore for kilometers, east and west to Giresun. The major beaches of Giresun are the Giresun Beach, The Municipality Beach, the Emniyet Beach, the Tabya Beach, the Gendarme Beach and the Arif Kumas Beach, almost 5 km away to the city center. In addition to these, there is Blue Tour is arranged between the Giresun Island and the Giresun Port each evening.
Natural Mineral Waters
Giresun is famous also with its natural mineral waters. The Inisdibi Mineral Water and the Caldag Mineral Water are on the Batlama River. This bottled mineral waters marketed have curative effect on the kidney stones and are helpful for the digestion. On the other hand, the Pinarlar Mineral Water is on the Sebinkarahisar Road, at the point of parting of the ways.
The Kumbet Plateau is south to Giresun and in the Dereli County. There are two ways to reach the plateau, Giresun- Dereli and Dereli- Sebinkarahisar. After Dereli, when the Gudul- Yucekoy is fallowed, it can be reached to the plateau with a 60 km long road trip. Or, after continuing the Sebinkarahisar road, the Ikisu- Uzundere road can be fallowed. Part of the road is asphalt; but the rest of it is unimproved road. When using different roads makes the double journey, it can be seen very beautiful panoramas.
The infrastructure of the plateau, having a height of 1640 meters, is not completed. The Kumbet Highlands, consisting of a lot of different plateaus like the Aymac Hill, the Melikli Plateau, Yavuzkemal, are used as camping and picnic area. The Aymac Hill, 2 km west to Kumbet, has a magnificent panorama.
Hanalanı (Kulakkaya) Plateau
It is reached to the plateau, located south to Giresun, with an unimproved road of 38 km. The plateau, having a height of 1500 meters, has the characteristic of a natural botanic park. The park is untouched.
Melikli Obası Plateau
The plateau, 40 kilometers South to Giresun, has a height of 1500 meters. The health and PTT (communication) services in the Yavuzkemal, which is only 2 kilometers away to the plateau, can be used.
On the unimproved road of the plateau, which is 59 km south to Giresun, minibuses are run during four seasons. The plateau, having a height of 2000 meters, is above the limit of the culture of trees. The Despot Rock and the Bride Rock are nature wonders. The Kurttepe area, 1 km east to the Bektas Plateau, is convenient for skiing in the winter.
In addition to these, there are many other plateaus in the Giresun Province. The major plateaus are Pasakonagi and Sanalan in Bulancak, Tamdere, Karagol, Cagman and Isirganli in Dereli, Anastos, Cakrak, Gulluce, Tohumluk, Seydisih, Aydin, Camli, Akyatak, Agalikirani in Alucra, Panayir and Kanatduzu in Eynesil, Kavraz, Agacbasi in Tirebolu, Calal, Gunluk, Karadoga, Karaovacik in Espiye, Kinik, Egribel, Basyayla and Tutak in Sebinkarahisar and the Sisdagi (Salpazari) Plateau on the border of Giresun - Trabzon.
The Estuary of Aksu River, 4 km away to the center of Giresun and on the Giresun Trebizond road, is a promenade, used for sightseeing, entertaining and resting purposes by the people. The international “Aksu Festival” collects thousands of people together between the days of May 20- 23 and the tradition of “the Seven of the May”, which has a history dating back to centuries ago, is tried to live.
The Karagoller Mountain Range, 60 km away to Giresun, is convenient fort he sport of wandering. The major racecourses are Egribel- Coban Bagirtan, the Turna Plain- Kumbet, the Egribel- Avsar Plain, the Sagrak Lake, the Kirklar Hill- the Karagol Hill- the Aygir Lake- the Elmali Plain. The heights of the racecourses above the sea level are above the 2500 meters.
As the name of Giresun is talked, it reminds the people with broccoli and anchovy. Besides, the foods made of corn floor are famous. Some of the meals are the Broccoli Soup, the Broccoli Dible, the Nettle Puree, the Corn Bread, the Bean Pickle, the Cherry Duzlama, and the Pezik Mihlama.
In addition to the cherry and the hazelnut, of which Giresun is their homeland, many fruits and vegetables special to the region are grown in Giresun.
The wrought copper works, carpets and a special kind of embroidery (oya) woven with hand, hazelnut, waist cloth, and the giftware being in the Kazancilar Bazaar can be bought as a gift.