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Batman and its ancient city of Hasankeyf, embraces history and nature with its rich historical past. In the land where the Tigris passes from the west to the east amongst thousands of caves is truly a miracle of history. While Batman was a village named Iluh, it was renamed Batman due to the local river Batman in 1950. It became a county of Siirt in 1957 and then became a province in 1990. Batman and environs have natural formations, in which at least 4000 caves are seen to be a rarity amongst its world peers. The regional climate has summers that are warm and dry and winters that are cold and rainy.

Batman’s counties are Besiri, Gercus, Hasankeyf, Kozluk and Sason.

Besides Hasankeyf, famous Malabadi Bridge over Batman River on the Batman- Diyarbakir route is worth seeing. Colourful stones produce the single arched bridge, which Timurtas of Artuklu commissioned in 1147. It is amongst some of the important works architecturally speaking. A Seljuk kumbet (conical roofed tomb), the tomb of Veysel Karani, mosques from the Seljuk period are also historical works that are recommended to be seen.

Given that Batman is an oil city and appears to be an industrial centre at first glance, its natural beauties should not be dismissed. Those who are fond of hunting can hunt hare, partridge, quail, crested lark, turtledove, wild duck, goose, otter, marten and badger. Besides these, mountain sheep on Raman mountain, mountain goat in Kozluk-Sason counties can be found. Enquiries about the hunting seasons should be made.

Meat dishes with plenty of oil, pastries, breads baked in the earthen ovens are so in great demand and very delicious. Woven products, bright silk-silver braided fabrics, needlework, laces and tapestries, wool socks and slippers are souvenirs available for purchase here as well.


Knowledge and culture were paramount in Hasankeyf, with its madrassa, astronomic observatories, hospitals, and other educational centres. Situated near Tigris, it is worthwhile to see its historical legacies. It should be noted that this area would be subjected to flooding because of dam construction under the GAP (Southeastern Anatolia Project).

It is not known when inhabitation of Hasankeyf was established. Many caves in the area shows that people settled there from the earliest ages.

Hasankeyf had lived its brightest periods during the Artuklu period. A lot of historical work has been uncovered from that period.

Constantine of the Byzantine Empire had two castles built here. One is Hasankeyf castle. The castle became the most important settlement of the region. Hundreds of past settlements, Grand Palace, Small Palace, Ulu Mosque are placed in the castle as historical references. Hasankeyf Castle is thought to have been built in the 4th century AD. It is seen that the door had belonged to Ayoubids from the inscription panel on the door of the castle. The Grand Palace is to the north of the castle and had been covered by a landslide. The castle’s construction dates are not known due to a lack of inscriptions. It is thought to be an Artuk work based on its structural features.


Ulu Mosque at the castle: It was built over the ruins of an ancient building in the middle-14th century in the Ayoubids period and was later repaired several times.

El-Rizk Mosque: Eyyubi Sultan Suleyman had it built in 1409. However, only its minarets and northern face where the main gate is located partly survived until today.

Koc Mosque: it is thought to belong to the Ayoubids. Ruins give the impression that it was included in a kulliye (complex).

Kizlar Mosque: it is located to the east of the Koc mosque. Only a grave on its northeast side has endured until today. Decorations on the northern facade of the buildings are an attraction to see.

Furthermore, Imam Abdullah tomb and Zeynel Bey tomb are also important works in the historical aspects in Hasankeyf.