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[Folk Arts] [Auditory folk arts]


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Asık / Ozan Literature

It is the type of poetry emerged at the beginning of the 16th century.

It is believed that the poet gets stronger by drinking the wine of love in his dream and by dreaming of the lover. Usually there is a saz or a lover in the dreams of the poet. The dreams are adorned by a white beard wise man or three full glasses. At times, glass is considered as the bowl in the dreams. The liquid provided for the poets in their dreams is called ‘full of love’. It is also named as bade (wine) due to the effects of the Persian literature. These are named as erlik, pirlik and ask badesi.

The poets are usually educated by a professional expert. The expert teaches them both the professional sayings, and the methods and procedures concerning making art. Once they get hold of the way this type of art is made in poet meetings and cafes, they can educate a novice themselves, and this tradition passes form one generation to the other.

The poet shows his feelings and skills in the witty dialogues he makes while performing his baglama-a mandolin-like instrument whose paired strings are considered to have a symbolic religious significance. The goal is to compete and finally win. At least two poets compete in these dialogues. An professional poet or a wise person tells the first verse, and thus starts the dialogue. When the side who can not find a rhyming quatrain, the dialogue is over.

One major point of this type of literature is the part of story telling. Most of the traditional saz poets tell stories in poetic meetings. A group of expert saz poets tell the folktales and besides, tell their own stories in a professional way. Cildirli Asık Senlik, Ercisli Emrah, Sabit Müdami are the saz poets who have contributed to the tradition in this way.

The leaders of this tradition have voiced their world views, ideas, and feelings via their poems. Tonguzs call them Şaman, Moogols and Baryats call them Bo or Bugue, Yakuts call them Oyun, and Oğuzs call them Ozan.

Yunus Emre, Pir Sultan Abdal, Koroglu, Dadaloglu, Karacaoglan, Erzurumlu Emrah, Ercisli Emrah, Dertli, Asık Veysel are the most important names of this literature.

The tradition of asik poetry is still alive in Anatolia currently.

In traditional folk poetry the poets tell their poems in quatrains. They use a syllable based structure in quatrains, and use the structures consisting of seven, eight and eleven syllables.

We can list the traditional ways of this literature as following:

1. Having a nickname
2. Falling in love after a dream (drinking wine)
3. Expert- novice
4. Saying biting words to each other
5. Not touching the lips
6. Unknown love
7. I said- he said type of talking
8. Announcing date
9. Saying poems
10. Performing songs on the baglama.

The types in the Asik Literature

There are some types concerning the syllables like Kosma, Semai, Varsagi and Destan. In addition to these, are the following types which are related to aruz: Divan, Selis, Semai, Kalenderi, Satranc ve Vezni Aher.

Tekke Poems

It has emerged as the product of a literature created by the ‘asıks’(poets) voicing their feelings regarding God and after-life in the 11th and 12th centuries. This type of literature is also called as the religious and mystic folk literature. The most important names in religious and mystic literature are Ahmet Yesevi, Yunus Emre, Hacı Bayram-i Veli.

The types of poems in Tekke poetry are Ilahi, Nefes, Ayin, Tapug, Durak, Cumhur, Hikmet, Devriye, Sathiye, Tevhid, Nutuk, Deme and Duvaz.