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[Folk Arts] [Plastic folk arts]


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Glass, which is made of silicate soil, was used by nomadic Turks in Central Asia. They made pearls and bracelets of glass. Rulers preferred to use glass goblets in every period. Great Seljuk used rumi, palms decorated with gloss and gold veneer; bottles, goblets, jugs and plated decorated scriptures. The windows of the famous palace of Anatolian Seljuks, Kubad Abad were decorated with glass.

There was a trade guild of glass craftsmen in Ottoman age. Glass craftsmen, who enrolled in the cortege in Surname miniatures of 16th century, were illustrated while blowing bottles in front of furnaces and mounting plaster windowpanes. Glass was utilized in many different areas in Ottoman age. For example, glass hand cannons were used in Siege of Rhodes and these glass pieces were found in the diggings performed later. The lanterns of the fleet were made of glass. Also, laledan, gulabdan, flower vases, glass and crystal bowls, mugs, cups, sugar bowls, jugs, flasks and oil lamps were commodities made of glass. In this period of time, colored glass windows and stained glasses were the immutable decorating elements of the architecture. The center of glass production of Ottomans was around Istanbul Egrikapi and Tekfur Palace. Thin, white sand which was suitable for glass production was being extracted in Kum Burgaz around Istanbul Yedikule .Cubuklu became one of the important glass centers at the beginning of 19th century. Here, very famous glass work known as Çesmi Bulbul were being produced. This name was given as their colors resembled the eyes of the nightingales. Afterwards, gloss crystal bottles, mugs, bowls, laledans known as Beykoz Work, were produced in Beykoz, one of the important production centers.

The fist glass factory of Turkey was established in Pasabahce; while all kinds of glass needs were satisfied, artworks of glass were produced.

Glass has an important place in traditional beliefs. Blue beads worn to avert the evil eye were made of glass and used. Today, blue beads are still used in Anatolia and these blue beads are supposed to avert the evil eye. The first glass blue beads in Anatolia were produced in Izmir Gorece .

Under-glass drawing among folk arts is also one of the important arts. Under-glass drawing is made by utilizing paint and colorful silver paper on surfaces like glass or mirrors. The most common motifs are sahmaran, horses with wings, mythological creatures with human upper body and animal lower body and flowers. Also illustrations like various landscape drawings, strait landscape pictures, village pictures exist.