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[Amasya]


Amasya      



Amasya is located in between the valleys of Yesilirmak region’s Middle Black Sea Mountains (Canik). The first settlement here dates back to 5500 BC.

Amasya was ruled by Hittite, Frig, Kimmer, Lidya, Persian, Roman, Byzantine, Danismend, Selcuklu, Ilhanli and Ottoman civilization from the Antique Age till now. Amasya became a part of Ottoman lands in 1386. This place is famous as “The City of Princes”, because Ottoman princes were governors of this place and because they learned government management here.

The bases of Turkish Salvation War were established in Amasya. National battle started in 19th May 1919 in Samsun and continued in 12 June 1919, when Mustafa Kemal came to Amasya. The plans of the Salvation War and the decisions for arrangement of Erzurum and Sivas Congresses were done here.

Amasya, with its history of more than 7000 years was a capital for kingdoms and a place where scientists, artists, poets and princes were educated.

Aside the historical and cultural richness of Amasya, there are natural beauties that drag attention. Especially, the houses built at the coast of Yesilirmak. Fruits and vegetables like marble apple - one of the most beautiful apple types, cherry, peach, and okra and places rich with nature make this place special and worth visiting.

Kitchen culture of Amasya region is very developed. If you like trying new exotic dishes, we have some recommendations for you. For example, fork soup, akitma, helle soup, toyga soup, cilbir, bean stuffing, hengel (ravioli without meat), pilaf with pumpkin peels, liver with vinegar, gomlek kadayifi, halbur sweet, zerdali gallesi, cherry bread (Amasya bread), tray water patties (Amasya style) and Yakasal patties are among the dishes one should try. Some of the local dishes can be found in the restaurants of the hotels. Especially the okra dish should be tried. And marble apple of Amasya is world famous.

Handwritten manuscripts, colored head scarves, homemade rosehip mash, rice and marble apples can be bought from Amasya.

www.amasya.bel.tr
www.amasya.gov.tr



Counties


Amasya (Centrum), Goynucek, Gumushacikoy, Hamamozu, Merzifon, Suluova and Tasova are the counties of Amasya.

Goynucek


One of the most important historical antiquities of the county is the Gokceli Castle that is established on rocks and has a view towards Cekerek Valley. This castle was used as a garrison during Roman Empire period and has stairs with 98 steps and a secret path.

Gumushacikoy


Bedesten, which is located in the center of the county, Buyuk Hamam (Big Bath), Koyun Pinari (Sheep Fountain) and Kabak Cesmesi (Pumpkin Spring); Haliliye Theological School located in Gumus district, Yorguc Pasa Mosque, Darphane Mosque, Maden Mosque (previously a church) are among the antiquities of the county that belong to Selcuklu and Ottoman periods.

Hamamozu


Arkut Bey hot spring that is located in the center of the county is an important recreation and picnic area.

Merzifon


This county is 49 km away from the town center. In the ends of the 17th century, Kara Mustafa Pasa from Merzifon became Sadrazam (grand vizier) and as a result of this, in this county there are a lot of antiquities from that period.


Museums and Ruins


Amasya Museum


This museum is the most modern and rich museum of the region that serves our country. It has exhibitions of samples that belong to 11 different civilizations. There are almost 24000 samples like archeological samples and ethnographic samples, seals, coins, handwritings and mummies.

The museum is three-floored and the first floor has a buffet, and resting places and a small exhibition salon. The upper floors have two big salons where archeological and ethnographic samples and coins are being displayed. In the garden, there are stone antiquities and Sultan I. Mesut’s Tomb. There are 6 mummies that belong to the Ilhanli Period being displayed in the garden.

In the lower salon, amphora, bronze and soil tombs, that belong to Roman and Byzantine period; two statues that belong to Hellenistic and Roman Periods; original marble tablets from the mosques, theological schools and similar buildings that belong to Selcuklu and Ottoman periods; carpets, rugs, prayer rugs from Azerbaijan and the premises that came with the immigrants during 1897-1898 Ottoman-Russian War; and carpets and rugs of the Milas, Kirsehir and Avanos regions are being displayed. Also, rare examples of wooden handicraft that belong to Byzantine, Selcuklu and Ottoman periods are exhibited here.

The upper salon has two sections: archeological and ethnographic. Bronze Age samples (3500-2100 BC), Hittite Age samples (1750-1200 BC) and the world famous unique statue that is known as "Amasya Sculpture" or "Hittite Storm God Tesup" is being displayed here. Urartu Age samples (900-600 BC), Frig Age samples (850-600 BC), Iskit Age samples (6th century BC), Hellenistic Age samples (330-29 BC) and Roman Period (29 BC - 476 AD) samples form the museums richest collection. Byzantine Age samples (476-1453 BC) are also exhibited in this salon.

In the ethnographic section, kitchenware, women accessories, moth-of-pearl chests, weapons, ceramics, astronomical tools, bath things, clocks, lamps, tea, coffee and cigarette tools, health bowls and amulets, handwritten Qur’an and flags are being displayed.

The open air exhibition of the museum should definitely be visited.

King Rock Graves


At the bottom of the Amasya Castle, there are 5 rock-engraved king graves. They drag attention with their structures and positions.

Aside from these graves, there are a total of 18 rock-engraved graves of various sizes in the valley. According to the famous geographer Strabon (63 BC - 5 AD) who was born here, these rock graves belong to the Pontus Kings. The graves that Strabon mentions are the 5 memorial quality graves that are known as "Kizlar Sarayi" (“Palace of Girls”).

Aynali Cave (Rock Grave)


This grave is about 3 km away from the city center and is one of the most decorated ones. In the East part of the vault section there is a depiction of Mother Mary, Jesus and Johannes, with 12 apostles, 6 on one side and 6 on the other. Aynali Cave is different from other rock graves in terms of size and type. Unlike other rock graves, these ones are separated from the rock block with a gallery that look like an upside-down letter U.

Mansions


The name Amasya associates with the series of houses built in the Yesilirmak strip. The mansions are good examples of the 19th century Ottoman architecture. Hazeranlar Mansion is one of the most beautiful mansions here.

Hazeranlar Mansion (Ethnographical Museum)


This mansion is one of the most classy civil architecture examples of the Ottoman Empire period. This mansion was built by Defterdar Hasan Talat Efendi in the name of his sister Hazeran Hanim, in 1872. this beautiful mansion of Amasya is worth seeing. Hazeranlar Mansion is open for visits as a "Museum House".

Alpaslan Museum


This museum is located in Tasova County, Alpaslan District. Ceramic, bronze and golden works that belong to Old Bronze, Hittite; Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Selcuklu and Ottoman periods are being displayed here and shed light on the culture and the civilizations that were present in this area. Also, there are some fossils of the region being displayed in the museum. There is a room that displays local wooden handicraft samples of the periods of Selcuklu and Ottoman Empires.


Other Historical Antiquities


Amasya Castle


This castle is located at the North of the city and the Yesilirmak, on the straight rocks of the Harsane Mountain. There are four gates of the castle. There is a water well called Cilanbolu, a water reservoir and a prison inside the castle. There are interesting antiquities 70 m below the castle, like an underground path with stairs dating 3rd century BC that extends till the Yesilirmak and the king graves, a tower and mosque remains.

Ferhat Water Channel


This channel was built in the age of Hellenistic and is about 75 cm wide and 18 km long. This channel was built according to a balance system and in some places tunnels were dig and walls were built for this channel.

Bimarhane (Darussifa)


This is the only work remaining from Ilhanli period. It was built in the name of Ilhanli Governor Sultan Mehmet Olcaytu and his wife Ilduz Hatun in 1308. especially, the front part of the building has high artistic values. As a property specific for Amasya Bimarhane, the front door stone has an embossment of a man on his knees.

Sultan II Bayezid Kulliye


This structure was built in the name of Sultan II Bayezid in 1485-1486. It has a mosque, a theological school, a hostel for pilgrims, a tomb and a water fountain for ablution. There are two plane-trees that are at the same height with the two minarets of the mosque. It is thought that the trees and the kulliye have the same age.

Haliliye Theological School


This building was built in Gumushacikoy County, by Governor Halil Pasa of Celebi Sultan Mehmed's period, in 1413.

Kapi Aga Theological School


This building was built during the period of Sultan II Bayezid by Huseyin Aga in 1488. The octagonal plan that is seen in Selcuklu grave monuments was applied in this school for the first time.

Additionally, Gokmedrese (1267), Celebi Mehmed Theological School (1415) Merzifon Buyuk Aga Theological School (1488), Kucuk Aga Theological School (1463-1464), Kasim Bey Theological School that is in Hakala Yolpinar Village (1463-1464) are theological schools worth seeing.

Other


Gokmedrese (1267), Celebi Mehmed Theological School (1415) Merzifon Buyuk Aga Theological School (1488), Kucuk Aga Theological School (1463-1464), Kasim Bey Theological School that is in Hakala Yolpinar Village (1463-1464) are theological schools worth seeing.


Mosques


Gok Medrese Mosque (Centrum)


This mosque was built by Selcuklu governor Torumtay (1267). It has a dome and three naves covered with vault. It was built by using cut stone and with a simple architectural technique. The entrance of the mosque that is like a long corridor was used as a theological school.

Burmali Minaret Mosque (Centrum)


This mosque was built in the period of Selcuklu Sultan II. Giyaseddin Keyhusrev by Vezir Ferruh and his brother Haznedar Yusuf, in 1237-1247. An octagonal classical Selcuklu dome at the left of the entrance and a twisting minaret that was added later are among the distinct properties of the mosque.

Sultan II. Bayezit Kulliye (Centrum)


This structure was built in the name of Sultan II. Bayezid in 1485-1486. It has a mosque, a theological school, a hostel for pilgrims, a tomb and a water fountain for ablution. The L-shaped plan of the mosque that was built during the last quarter of 15th century is the last example of that architecture. The mosque has two minarets. At its West there is a theological school and at its East there is a hostel for pilgrims and a guesthouse. There are two plane-trees that are at the same height with the two minarets. It is thought that the trees and the kulliye have the same age.

Other


Mosques of this region are Fethiye Mosque (Bizans-Danismend 11th century), Gumuslu Mosque (1326), Sarachane Mosque (1372), Cilehane Mosque (1413), Medreseonu Mosque (1427) Merzifon (II. Murad Mosque), Yorguc Rustem Pasa Mosque (1429), Hizirpasa Mosque (1466), Kilari Suleyman Aga Mosque (1489), Mehmet Pasa Mosque (1486) and Samlar Ayas Aga Mosque (1495).

Also in Amasya there are wooden mosques too. These mosques are Abide Hatun Mosque (1680), Eyup Celebi Mosque (1725 Merzifon), Haci Hasan Mosque (1714 Merzifon), Cay Mosque(1774), Eski Kislacik Village Mosque (1865), Asagi Barakli Mosque (1870), Kalekoy Mosque (1870), Yukari Barakli Mosque (1875), Ziyaret Mosque (19th century), Sihlar Village Mosque (1924), Eliktekke Village Mosque (1928), Muftu Mosque (20th century) Gumushacikoy and Kizilca Station Mosque (1956).


Hostels, Bathes and Bazaars


Ezine Hostel


This hostel is located in Amasya’s Ezinepazar district, at the left part of the road. It was built by Selcuklu Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad's wife Mahperi Hatun.

Tashan


This hostel is located in Amasya’s Merzifon County and it has architecture of 17th century and a rectangular plan.

Bedesten


Located in Merzifon County, this structure has a rectangular plan, surrounded with markets under domes.

Eski Bath


This hostel is located in Amasya’s Merzifon County. According to its epigraph, it was built in 1678. Besides this bath there are many bathes in Amasya: Karsavul Bath (Roma), Yildiz Bath (13th century), Arkut Bey Bath (13th century), Cifte Bath (Merzifon 1388), Hizirpasa Bath (15th century), Mustafa Bey Bath (1436), Cukur Bath (15th century), Ziyaret Bath (15th century), Cayustu Village Bath (Suluova 15th century), Maarif Bath (Merzifon, 16th century), Tuz Pazari Bath (Merzifon, 1677) and Eski Bath (Gumus, 19th century)


Hot Springs


The most important hot spring of Amasya is Terzikoy hot spring. It is 30 km away from the city. Gozlek hot spring, Hamamozu (Arkut Bey) hot spring and Ilisu hot spring are other hot springs of Amasya.


Excursion Places


Borabay Lake


Borabay Lake is a wonder of the nature in its whole meaning. The lake and its premises are announced to be tourism places and the beauty of this place is mesmerizing. There are 9 bungalow houses, each with 3 beds, café, camping opportunities and picnic areas. Walks through nature and resting places are available here. All of these things make Borabay lake a place frequently visited by local and foreign visitors.

Barakli Waterfall


Barakli Waterfall is located 30 km away from Tasova County and is within the Ozbarakli district borders. The waterfall and the premises have a beauty worth seeing.

Yedi Kugular Bird Heaven


Yedi Kugular Bird Heaven is located in Yesilirmak area (Yedikir Dam) and is 7 km away of the Amasya-Suluova highway. The bird heaven around the dam lake is serving with its natural beauty, walking track, social facilities, and fish production facilities. The amateur fishing opportunity makes this area one of the most important picnic areas. There are more than 34 species of birds like swans, wild geese, wild ducks, cormorants and herons living in this bird heaven.