Located to the west of central Anatolia, Afyon is a crossing point that connects many regions to each other. There are many archaeological findings that were dated to the Bronze Age surrounding Afyon. The Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Hellenes, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans reigned in the city respectively, whose history dates back 5000 years.
A castle of 226 meters height, whose historical predecessor lasted until 1350 BC, made for an effective location during the Independence War in the centre of Afyon. There are worship places devoted to Kybele the Mother Goddess and four cisterns in the centre of the castle. A small mosque and palace was added to the castle during the Seljuk period. Artefacts in the Archaeological Museum, Ulu Mosque dated 1273, Cay Madrasah which is a Seljuk building dated 1278, another Seljuk building; Ishakli Caravanserai, Imaret Mosque, Ak Masjid (small unattended mosque), Cavuspasa Mosque, Kulliye (complex) of Gedik Ahmet Pasha (1472-1477), baths, bridges, caravanserais, monuments of Kocatepe and Zafer (Victory), Ethnology Museum where Turkish-Islamic arts are exhibited are all places that show the importance and cultural and historical richness of the city.
Furthermore, it’s has ruins in the surrounding areas such as Synnada, Metropolis, Dokimaia, Eucarpeia, Bruzus, Lysias, Prymnessus, which all confirm its historical importance and richness.
Dinar, 100 kilometers south to Afyon is an important county with its open-air museum, remnants of ancient buildings and Sucikan Park. According to mythological sources, Midas the Phrygian King cheerfully listened to Pan’s flute here. Then, the king organized a flute players contest. In spite of a 12-jury members choosing Apollo, Pan became angry with Midas for organizing contest and he doubted Apollo’s talent. In revenge, he turned Midas’ ears into those of a donkey.
Reliefs on the rocks to the north of Afyon at Aslantas and Aslankaya, which has some smaller ones of those from the Phrygian civilization, are places worthwhile to visit.
Afyon is an important centre in regards to poppy production as well. Afyon also has spas, cream, sucuk (garlic sausage), poppies, clear weather, natural beauty, marble-quarries, highlands and a local favourite dessert called “visneli ekmek kadayifi” (shredded wheat with sour cherry). The spas of Gazligol, Gecek and Omerli are good examples of natural sources being used to their healing wealth.
Visitors can find cream, sucuk (garlic sausage), lokum (Turkish delight), candies and locally handcrafted items to purchase in Afyon.www.afyon.bel.trwww.afyon.gov.tr