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Cilo (Buzul [Glacier]) Mountains

Mount Buzul (Old Cilo Mountains), the area where glaciers are most developed in Turkey today (the longest glacier of Turkey, Uludoruk, has a length of 4-km), hosts Uludoruk (4,136 meters), the second highest glacier of Turkey. It lies almost for 30 km. 87,6 % of the area is mountainous, 10,3 % of it is composed of plateaus and 2,1 % is composed of lowlands. Hakkari is famous for its fantastic mountains and valleys. “Upside-down Tulip” grown only at Cilo Mountains in Hakkari on earth is one of the scarcest flowers in the world. “Upside-down Tulip” accepted as holy and called “Crying tulip” because it emits juice from its navel every morning by Assyrians used to dwell in the area Hakkari in the past is still very valuable. It is forbidden that the tulip be exported out of the province and to abroad.


4136 meters


Cilo (Buzul) Mountains, the extension of curved mountain range of Southeast Taurus Mountains, is within the borders of the province Hakkari.

Climbing Time

It is between June-September during summer months and between February-March during winter months.


It is a very attractive mountain with its steep and high peaks, high mountain glaciers, glacial lakes, rivers having speedy and a great deal of flows, old and current glacial morphology.


Those aiming to climb to this mountain reach Van via airways and then they go to Hakkari. The distance between Van and Hakkari is 245 kilometers.

Climbing is realized from three points:
1- A camp is set up nearby Izbirak (Resko) glacier. Climbing starts from the camping ground and Resko Peak (4136 meters) is reached by a rock climbing after passing the major glacier. Climbing in this direction is very hard.


A camp is set up in Serpil Plateau and the wall uprising from the South is exceeded. The peak is reached when the right direction is followed after the wall. But this route should not be used for returning back. When returning, you should return to camping ground via Gehi Plateau by following the bottom of the valley.
The peak is reached within 6-8 hours via the great passage on the valley slope after a camp is set up at 3 km below Serpil plateau. There is Gehi Plateau on the way. The safest and the easiest ascending to Resko Peak is fulfilled in this direction.