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[Botany] [Important plant groups in Turkey]


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The Mediterranean plant communities have extended beyond the borders of the Mediterranean region and spread through the Aegean, Marmara, Central Black Sea and the western parts of Southeast Anatolia. The most important plant community of the Mediterranean flora is the maquis. In botany, maquis is defined as “short wood”. The maquis trees and bushes have a distinct and beautiful flavor that is unique. Terebinth, gumwood, arbutus, sandalwood, myrtle, Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), mock privet, spruce, daphne, wild olive, genistra are among the most commonly seen plants in the maquis community. Grass-like plants such as rye, thyme, lamium, buttercup, bellflowers, cyclamen, glayor, salep, Manisa tulip, crocus, violet and carnation are grown on the lower parts of the trees.

Another member of the Mediterranean plant community is the sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis). The tree, also known as the “storax” tree (“günlük” in Turkish), grows in little forest groups in the coastal parts of the Fethiye, Koycegız, Marmaris and Datca districts of the province of Mugla where the baseline water is high. The “Turkish pine” (Pinus brutia) is a plant type as unique to the Mediterranean as the maquis. Beech, locally found on the Amano Mountains in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, is the end point of this type of tree in the South. The bonito oak in the internal parts of Aegean, the nut pine near Bergama and the hoop oak and cedar tree mixed forests, which are endemic types, near Egirdir-Konya are worth seeing.