As is known, caves are the most important residences which had served as a natural shelter for human beings. Thus, caves have given the researchers the chance of doing overall studies drawing their attention on them. Furthermore, the watching and the discovery of secret mysteries and beauties provide people a different peace of mind and happiness. Besides, caves enable one to make exciting sports and “Speleology” which is an independent science developing.
There are multitudinous caves in Turkey because of its geological position. Turkey as a paradise has thousands of caves. The caves may appear in front of you in almost all over the country, though they are mostly intensive in Southern Anatolia. 2/5 of Turkish lands consist of fusible rocks appropriate with the evaluation of cave. It is estimated that there are more than 20.000 caves on the rocks that lie in the form of distinct mountain zones, but only 1200 of them could be examined. Turkey is in the first ranks of the European countries in terms of cave intensity and the specialists and enthusiasts of this subject named it “paradise of caves”.
The longest cave in Turkey is Pınargozu Cave in Isparta, with a length more than 16 km., and the deepest one is Peynirlikonu Cave in Manisa with a length of 1429 m.
Caves over 20 are reclaimed for tourism and the others are suitable for the groups of private interests who can enter only with the appropriate equipment and the accompaniment of a guide.
As an important geologic-geomorphologic process on account of cave evaluation, karstic formation appears in West and Middle Taurus Mountains (Mugla, Antalya, Isparta, Burdur, Konya, Karaman, Icel and Adana). 800 caves are examined and documented by the native and foreign groups till now.
MTA (Maden Tetkik Arama) Genel Müdürlüğü
Jeoloji Etüdler Dairesi
06520 - Ankara
Tel: +90.312.287 34 30
Faks: +90.312.287 91 51www.mta.gov.tr/magara/tasari.html