The mountains of mountainous Ordu extend parallel to the coast. These mountains with increasing heights from west to the east form deep valleys or plateaus being separated by streams.
Ordu in which all kinds of natural beauties are exhibited generously is the luckiest province of East Black Sea in respect to the sea tourism. The clearest sand and the longest coast of the region is situated in Ordu. There are bays more beautiful than each other, natural beaches and excursion spots along the shoreline.
As is understood from the researches the first traces of settlement in Ordu and its environment extend to 15.000 BC. Halips had settled on the mountainous parts of the local and made perfect weapons from bronze by processing metals in years of 2000 BC.
Ordu province had fallen into the power of the Hittites in 1000 BC. Cotoyara is a city established by Milets in 8th C. It has been understood from the archeological remains found in this area that ancient Cotoyara was established in the vicinity of Delikkaya in Bayramli.
Ordu had fallen into the power of Meds and Persians. It had remained within the borders of Rome and Bizantium in the following periods and of Commenus between the years of 1204-1264.
Ordu annexed within the grounds of Seljuks in 13th C. had fallen into the power of Ottoman Empire in 14th C.
The districts of Ordu are Akkus, Aybasti, Camas, Catalpinar, Caybasi, Fatsa, Golkoy, Golyali, Gorgentepe, Ikizce, Kabaduz, Kabatas, Korgan, Kumru, Mesudiye, Persembe, Ulubey and Unye.
it is a district rich of historical remains. Persembe Plateau is a place worth to be seen with the Karacali Chapel, the ruins of the Turkish bath in Sefalik Village, turbehs of Sheikh Hasan and Kumbet Dervish and other visiting places.
there are curative thermal waters in Ilica Town of the district known by its natural underground springs. Acisu known by its curativeness for many diseases is in Elmakoy. Girl’s Tower, the chenar, great trees, Goregi Monastery, Cıngırt Rock and Gaga Lake are among the places worth to be seen.
It is rich of historical remains. There are 11 ancient rock tombs in Tikenlice Village.
After the Cambasi Plateau was announced as a tourism center plateau tourism has started to develop rapidly.
Sidabdal Turbeh, Gulbahce Dervish, Karaibrahim Dervish and Ertepesi can be counted among the places worth to be seen.
The tradition of transhumance is still continuing in Mesudiye. The most famous plateaus are Keyfalan and Tastekne. Mesudiye is a district that has the most immovable cultural properties belonging to every period of Ordu along with the ancient settlement areas, tumulus and barrows
It has natural beaches. Yason Chapel is one of the historical and archeological values of the district.
The district is rich of natural beauties. Rock tombs, humpback bridges above the steep river, the pilgrimage place of Sheikh Abdullah and Dervish Salih constitute of the historical and cultural richness of Ordu.
Unye Castle, Rock Tomb, Tozkoparan Rock Tomb, Turkish baths, the pilgrimage place of Yunus Emre, the registered examples of civilian architecture, Unye-Niksar Silk Road, Camlık, Cakırtepe, Cınarsuyu Facility, Asar Kaya National Park, natural beaches and the localization of Acisu are the places worth to be seen.
HISTORICAL WORKS OF ART
Cotoyara (Bozukkale) where Ordu province was established, Bayramli (today’s Eskipazar) where the city was established secondly, Old Prison (church), Kurul Rock Settlement within the borders of Bayadi Village, Ethnography Museum (Pasaoglu Mansion), Buben Rock Tombs and Hatipli Graveyard are the most important historical values of the province.
Bolaman Castle and Cıngırt Rock in Fatsa District; Unye Castle in Unye District; rock tombs and Sheikh Yunus Turbeh in Gurpinar Village; Yason Chapel in Persembe District; Meletios Castle, Kale Village Castle, rock tombs; Gencaga Castle announced as first-degree archeological protected area in Agcakale Village of Ikizce District are the historical places worth to be seen.
It is situated in Bayadi Village, Central District. There is a cistern formed by carving the main rock and a corridor descending via stairs that is estimated to be a waterline in the area. Beside them, some building ruins and ceramic pieces of different periods can be encountered on the surface.
Yason Cape Natural and Archeological protected area is within the borders of Caytepe Village of Perşembe District. A chapel with the ruins of a garden wall still remains standing. Besides, wall ruins, ancient harbor and fish breeding pools are extant.
Atik Ibrahim Pasha Mosque (Central Mosque-Centrum)
The mosque made by Atik Ibrahim Pasha in 1800 is at the center of the city. The first mihrab (niche in a mosque wall indicating the direction of Mecca) of the mosque was made with the style of Seljuk architecture and was put onto the Selimiye Mosque being dismantled in 1340 after standing there for long years. The mosque has double balcony surrounding one minaret.
OTHER TORISTIC AND CULTURAL VALUES
The transhumance which is a traditional seasonal way of life in the province maintains its presence even today. Cambası Plateau announced as a tourism center, Aybasti-Persembe Plateau, Mesudiye-Keyfalan Plateau, Yesilce-Topcam Plateaus, Akkus-Argın Plateau, Cule Plateau and Aydogan Plateau are among its significant plateaus of Black Sea Region in respect with both their natural beauties and large settling capacities.
Boztepe spreading out on the slopes of Ordu Province and being theme to the folk songs; Turnasuyu and the natural beach in Gulyali District; Kucukfertil in Akkus District; Gaga Lake in Fatsa District which is announced as a Private Environment Protection Area; Ulukoy, Harcbeli and Aydogan Hill on which winter sports can done, in Golkoy District and Sayacabasi in Ulubey District are significant natural beauties.
Camlik, Cakirtepe, Uzunkum in Unye District; Ericok Hill in Mesudiye District, Zile Plateau Cule Plateaus and Efirli in Persembe District are significant recreation places.
Akkus Island has a great importance for bird observers. Crested Cormorant population in the rocky coastal islands is significant.
The main food of Ordu is fish. The meals with fish are at the top among the meals that can be preferred as is in the whole coast of Black Sea. Beet soup, roasted mushrooms (tirmit), cornbread, roasted pickles, watery pastry, fried anchovy, steamed anchovy, fried stuffed anchovy and other sorts of foods with fish are so delicious that one can’t enough of them. Hazelnut being raised in the region is an valuable food.
Canes and baskets made of wooden are among the traditional handicrafts in Ordu along with the products such as woven kilims, twines, saddlebags, painted cloths edged with oya. Clarinet and flageolet are of the musical instruments which can be found in Ordu. Hazelnut and the products made of hazelnut, canes and burning pictures can be bought, as well.www.ordu.bel.tr www.ordu.gov.tr