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[Artvin]


Artvin      



Artvin ist eines der schönsten Beispiele für ein grasgrünes Paradies. Mit dem Fluss Çoruh, der die Stadt in zwei Teile trennt, mit seinen steilen, langen Tälern, bis zu 3900 m. hohen und aneinander gereihten hohen Bergen, natürlichen Urwäldern, Kraterseen, grünen Hochebenen, seiner reichen Pflanzen-, und Tierwelt, historischen Kirchen, Festungen und Brücken, traditioneller Architektur und den Festspielen ist Artvin ein authentischer Ferienort, der sehr viele unterschiedliche touristische Werte zusammenbringt.

95 % der Landschaft der Stadt ist mit Wäldern bedeckt. Häufig begegnet man kleinen Seen in der Gegend, die ‘’Karagöl’’ genannt werden. In der Stadt und seiner Umgebung herrschen wegen unterschiedlichen Meeresspiegelhöhen, warme Ost- Schwarzmeer und harte Klimaeigenschaften.

Die Landkreise von Artvin ( Zentrum ) sind: Ardanuç, Arhavi, Borçka, Hopa, Murgul, Şavşat und Yusufeli.

Es ist bekannt, dass in Artvin und seiner Umgebung um 2. Tausend v. Chr. die Hurris kleine Herrschaftsgebiete gegründet haben. Nach einer 2 Jahrhundert dauernden Mitanni Alleinherrschaft kam das Gebiet unter den Einfluss des hethitischen Reiches. Am Ende des 8. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. kamen die Kimmerer aus dem Kaukasus Gebiet und drangen über Artvin in das anatolische Territorium ein. Es ist weiterhin bekannt, dass spät im 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr., wiederum aus dem Kaukasus Gebiet, die Skythen nach Anatolien eingewandert sind und das ein Teil von ihnen, sich in Artvin angesiedelt hat. Das Gebiet, dass sich im Mittelalter unter der Verwaltung des Königtums Bagrat befand, welches unter byzantinischen Schutz stand, kam anschließend unter die Verwaltung der Seldschuken, Saltuken, Mongolen (İlhanlı), Timur, Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu und Safawiden. Artvin wurde zur Zeit von Yavuz Sultan Selim dem Territorium Anatolien angeschlossen.

Nach dem Krieg von 1877 – 1878, wurde am 3. März 1878 im unterzeichneten Ayastephanos Abkommen, Artvin, Ardanuç, Borçka, Şavşat und der Kreis Kemalpaşa von Hopa als Kriegsentschädigung den Russen überlassen. Mit dem am 3. März 1918 unterzeichneten Brest – Litowsk Abkommen traten die Russen den Rückzug aus Artvin an. Die Stadt gelang durch die Waffenstillstandsverhandlung von Mudros in den Besitz der Engländer, danach blieb sie bis 7. März 1921 innerhalb der Grenzen von Georgien. Artvin wurde, nach einer 43 jährigen Trennung, durch den Beschluss der Türkischen Grossen Nationalversammlung, am 23. Februar 1921 dem Vaterland angeschlossen.

You should try Artvin Cuisine highly rich in kinds of dishes after the highlands whetting your appetite with its clean and fresh air. ‘Kuymak’, one of the dishes known as ‘agarti’ made of diary products, is prepared as a local dish by the residents of highlands. Among the pastries, there are hinkel, cergebas, bisi, katmer, eritse, lokma and borek. Kabobs made of fresh meat and with wooden skewers are pretty delicious in the ‘harfanas’ and visits collectively made. The soup known as ‘pusuruk’ is among the most popular ones. You should also taste the local dishes of the residents of the coastline such as hamsili pilav, hamsili bugulama, hamsili corn bread (cadi), hamsi salamura made of hamsi (fish). The major desserts are hasuta, kaysefe, zurbiyet, and lokum with honey. Also, pucuko, the famous bean dish of Artvin, is among the unique tastes. Wooden carving, the objects woven out of branch barks, earthenware pots, copper and rugs are among the souvenirs bought in the neighbourhood.

www.artvin.bel.tr
www.artvin.gov.tr


HISTORISCHE WERKE


Festungen



Festung Artvin (Livana)


liegt gegenüber der Brücke, über dem Fluss Çoruh, wurde auf dem Hauptfelsen, der 70 m oberhalb vom Flussbett liegt, errichtet. In der Festung befinden sich Spuren von einer Zisterne und einer Kapelle. Die Festung wurde Mitte des 10. Jahrhunderts vom Königtum Bagrat erbaut und im 16. Jahrhundert von den Osmanen renoviert und verwendet. Der hohe Turm ist auffallend.

Festung Şavşat (Satlel)


befindet sich im Landkreis Şavşat. Sie wurde zur Zeit des Königtums Bagrat erbaut und auch von den Osmanen verwendet. Der größte Teil der Festungsmauern, der heute verlassenen Festung, stehen noch.

Festung Ardanuç (Gevhernik)


Die sich im Landkreis Ardanuç befindende Festung ist eine der ältesten und wichtigsten Festungen der Umgebung. Es ist bekannt, dass mit den Bauarbeiten der Festung, vor Christi Geburt begonnen wurde. Die vom Königtum Bagrat, den Fürsten Çıldır und den Osmanen als Verwaltungsort verwendete Festung, ist mit ihrem Festungszentrum und der ringsherum mit Mauern umgebenen Stadt, ein einzigartiges Vorbild. Neben verschiedenen Spuren aus vergangenen Perioden, fällt auch die Inschrift von Süleyman des Prächtigen auf.

Moscheen und Grabmale


Wichtige Moscheen der Stadt Artvin und ihrer Landkreise sind folgende: die Ortacalar Merkez Moschee (Landkreis Arhavi), die Muratlı Moschee (Landkreis Borçka), die Esenköy Moschee (Landkreis Murgul), die Kocabey Moschee (Landkreis Şavşat), die Demirkent Moschee (Landkreis Yusufeli), die İskender Paşa Moschee und Grabmale (Landkreis Ardanuç).

Die İskender Paşa Moschee und ihre Grabmale


befinden sich in der Ortschaft Adakale des Landkreises Ardanuç. Sie wurde im Jahre 1553 renoviert und wieder für das Gebet geöffnet. Nebenan befinden sich die Grabmale von Hatice Hanım, Ali Paşa und Süleyman Paşa aus der Zeit der Osmanen. Als erste Moschee der Gegend ist sie von großer Bedeutung und ist bis heute gut erhalten geblieben.

Kirchen und Kloster


In Artvin, ein wichtiges Zentrums des Glaubenstourismus, zählen folgende Kirchen und Kloster zu den wichtigsten:

Die Altıparmak (Barhal) Klosterkirche Moschee (Landkreis Yusufeli), die Hamamlı (Dolıshana) Klosterkirche (Zentrum), die İşhan Kirche (Landkreis Yusufeli), die Yeni Rabat Kirche (Landkreis Ardanuç), die İbriga Kapelle (Landkreis Borçka), die Tibeti Kirche (Landkreis Şavşat), die Köprülü Kirche (Landkreis Şavşat), die Porta Klosterkirche (Zentrum)und das Dört Kilise Kloster (Landkreis Yusufeli).

Hamamli (Dolishana) Church (Central)


It is in the Hamamli village in the provincial centre of Artvin. The church, 32 km of the provincial centre, was built between 923 – 958 years. The church has an impressive architecture with its embrodieries and its ‘sundial’ on the door which has preserved its characteristics till today.

Barhal Church (Altiparmak Church – Yusufeli)


It is located in the Altiparmak village 12 km northwest of the Yusufeli district. It is now used as a mosque and still preserves its historic characteristics. The building was built by the Bagratli Kingdom on behalf of ‘Vaftizci Yahya’. The church with three naves and on a basilical plan was turned into a mosque at the end of the 17th century and is still being used as a mosque. The building with a well-arranged stone work is in a quite good condition. The monumentality of the building is worth seeing.

Ishan Church (Yusufeli)


It is in the Dagyolu (Ishan) village, 11 km east of the Yusufeli district. The church built in 1008, was turned into a mosque by the Ottomans in 1549. The inscription on the entry door of the church made of free stone is surrounded by geometrical reliefs. The relief being among the decorations on the window sills and describing the quarrel between a dragon and a lion is interesting to see. Today, the church preserves its original form.

Cevizli Church (Savsat)


It is located in the Cevizli village, 6 km northeast of the Savsat district. In 899 – 914, it was built by Asut Kukh, one of the rulers of Bagratli Kingdom. The grave of Asut Kukh is next to this church. The exterior surface of the Cevizli Church, a Georgian building, is decorated with columns and reliefs. There is a relief of Jesus Christ on the windows north of the church. The ramhead reliefs in the church and the ramhead sculptures are interesting.

Koprulu Church (Savsat)


It is located in the Koprulu village, 7 km northwest of the Savsat district. It is estimated to be the centre of the churches in the region. Only the ruins of the church built by Zor Tana, one of the Kipcak rulers.

Bridges



Berta Bridge


This bridge on the Artvin – Savsat highway was built by the Ottomans in 1878. It is 64 m at length. It is under the category of bridges with three eyes and even paths. The building in good condition has survived till today.

Ortacalar Cifte Bridge


It is located at the Anli and Kucukkoy turnout before the Ortacalar subdistrict. It is composed of two bridges planned in a perpendicular way. Both of these bridges are considered in the category of stone bridges with eye and sloping path. They have survived in good condition till today.

Fountains



Celebi Effendi Fountain


It is in the Orta Mahalle in Artvin. The building was built in 1783. Only a part of the building has survived till today. It is a classical Ottoman fountain.


OTHER TOURISTIC, NATURAL AND CULTURAL MERITS


National Parks and Protection Areas



Karagol – Sahara National Park


Karagol – Sahara National Park, situated within the borders of the Savsat district is formed of two separate areas. These are the plateaus of Karagol and Sahara.

Karagol and the area around are cracked by valleys at certain points. The area around lake is covered with dense forests of spruces and pines. Karagol has unique panoramic beauties. Also, there is a field for grass skiing in Bagat area and around, northeast of the lake.

The Sahara Plateau cracked by deep valleys has high slope values. The Sahara is situated at an altitude of 1700 – 1800 meters on this sloping land. The plains progressively located at altitudes of 1700 – 1800 meters on the banks of Resat Brook host ‘Sahara Beet Festivities’ organized in the fourth week of July every year.

In the Karagol area of the National Park, there is a lodge providing accomodation for 12 people and used as country cafe.

Efeler Natural Protection Areas


The park is within the borders of the Camili village in the Borcka district. The Camili-Efeler Forest is the exclusive untouched forest ecosystem not only in Turkey, but also in Europe. The river basin in the protection area is on the migration route of birds of prey.

Hatilla Valley National Park


It is an area including the Hatilla Valley, one of the main branches of the River Coruh, and a lot of lateral brooks. The slope fractures along the valley have appeared. These slope fractures have made possible the formations of falls on the river. There are formations of canyon and straits in the middle parts of the valley. The vegetation of the area shows a rich diversity. It has endemic plant kinds more than 500. The Hatilla Valley also includes a rich fauna.

There are places for visitors to stay in the park for the day or to do camping in the National Park. You can stay in the facilities such as tents, caravans or bungalows. It is also possible to accommodate in the National Park because of its distance of 10 km from the provincial center of Artvin.

Artvin – Gorgit Natural Protection Area


It is within the borders of the Camili village in the Borcka district. The Camili-Gorgit Forest is a parcel of forest land composed of trees each of which has a monumental quality. It is also important in terms of being ‘Yasli Orman’ (Old Forest). The river basin in the area is on the migration route of many species of birds of prey.

Beaches


The Hopa – Kemalpasa Beach on the the coastline of 34 km of Arhavi and Hopa districts on the Black Sea Coast is favourable for swimming.

Artvin Highlands



Kackar Tourism Centre


This highland village is located 53 km west of Yusufeli. Situated at 3200 m, the highland village has the infrastructure such as fountain, electricity and a health clinic. In the village, there is also a small market, teahouse, restaurant, bakery and a butcher. Dilberduzu of 3.328 m at height is the nearest campsite to the peak of the Kackar Mountains. There are no facilities at Dilberduzu where the ice-cold water is plentiful. It is dangerous to go beyond Dilberduzu and go to the Kackar Mountain of 3.932 m at height without a guide. On the way to the Yaylalar village, you can see the Altiparmak (Borhal) Church in the Altiparmak village. You can also buy the silk rugs woven in the village.

Kafkasor Highland


Access to the village situated 10 km southwest of Artvin is via a 10 km dirt road. The 1250 m. high village is gorgeous place well-worth visiting. Its infrastructure service is completed and there are 10 bungalows with a 80 bed capacity arranged by the municipal government. The 3-day bull-fighting competition organized every year in the last week of June, which is very festive is very popular with the locals. There are healing springs known as Cıskaro, Yalnızhasan and Acısu in the highland.

Borcka – Karagol


In the forests around the lake can be seen an abundance of wildlife including lynx, bear, curly horned mountain goats, hazel grouse and birds of prey. You can also do trout fishing in the lake. The infrastructure is not complete yet.

Savsat – Karagol


There is electricity, a fountain, toilets and a building used by Forest Service personel and their wireless system. Around Savsat – Karagol, there are wild animals living in the area like in Borcka – Karagol.

Ardanuc – Babilan (Bilbilan) Highland


With no basic services other than a road and water, this mountain village has a bazaar every Saturday. You should bring your camping gear and other basic supplies for accommodation.

Sportive Activities


Climbing to the Kackar and Karcal Mountains, nature walking in the tracking courses in the natural beauties at different districts of the region, stream sports such as rafting, catamaran and canoeing done in the Coruh river and Barhal stream enrichen the diversity of Artvin in tourism. The Fourth World Stream Sports Championship was made on the Coruh River.

Rafting


The Coruh River dividing the region into two by flowing from south to north has the second best course for stream sports in the world after Zambezi and Biobio rivers, which has turned the province into the magnet in terms of watersports. There are also ideal courses for watersports on Barhal Rivulet, which springs from the Kackar Mountains and is one of the important branches of the Coruh River. You can also do rafting, catamaran and canoeing. The courses start at Bayburt and follow Ispir and Yusufeli. You can do rafting till Artvin at four different laps.

Tracking and Nature Walking


there are the most suitable courses for nature tracking of Türkiye at Kackarlar that highest mountain series of east black sea. Mountaineering groups and mountaineers who come to the region complete Trans - Kackar tracking by walking trough Yusufeli Yaylalar Village to Rize - Camlıhemşin Ayder Plateau. Moreover thare are suitable tracing courses at other mountains of regions Altıparmak Mountains.

Camping – Caravan


There are places favourable for Camping and Caravan Tourism along the beaches at coastline, at forest resorts, at national parks. The major ones are the Kemalpasa Beach and the area around the beach, the Kafkasor Forest Resort, Borcka Karagol, Savsat Karagol, the Hatila Valley, Sahara, Yusufeli Kackar Tourism Centre and Yusufeli Cevreli Village Rafting Camping Centre.

Angling


You can do angling especially in the Barhal Rivulet, the Hatila Brook, the Arhavi Ortacalar Brook and Borcka Camili – Macahel Brook and in the lakes known as Karagol by people in the upper regions.

Hunting places


There are places favourable for hunting tourism in Artvin, which has mountainous and hilly terrains.

Rivers



Coruh River and Valley


The Coruh River at the altitude of 3225 m springs from the Mescit Mountains and flows for 466 km before reaching the Black Sea in Georgia. The river is also one of the fastest flowing rivers in the world.

Every year, the area welcomes local and foreign watersports enthusiasts travelling to the area for canoeing, rafting and river skiing. The small towns and villages located along the river are historically interesting, and the whole area represents the combination of Eastern Anatolian and Black Sea cultures.

Altiparmak (Barhal) River


The River Altiparmak (Barhal), located within the borders of the province of Artvin, emerges from the southern sides of the Kackar Mountains. Running about 40 km, the river joins the Coruh River 2 km south of Yusufeli. The Altiparmak River is suitable for canoeing and river skiing.

Gungormez Rivulet


It is situated at the Gungormez Mountains in the Yusufeli District. The rivulet is famous for its starting flowing at night and stopping with sunrise.

Mountains



Kackar Mountains


The highest hills of the Kackar Mountains resembling a natural park with its deep blue lakes, its green forests, its overflowing streams, its rich flora and animal life, its sharp glaciers seen throughout the year between Rize and Hopa are Altiparmak (3480 m), Kavran (3932 m), Vercenik (3710 m).

The months of August and September are the most favourable time for summer climbs. As for winter climbs, the most favourable time is the months of february and march. You can climb to the Kackar Mountains by following the north and south routes. The north route is mostly preferred by the professionals.

Other Beauties



Borcka – Camili (Macahel) River Basin


The basin has various characteristics and beauties such as the endemic flora richness in its forests and highlands, monument trees, its trouts with red dots in the streams, and pure Macahel Karakovan Honey produced by Caucasian bees. Because of these characteristics, one part of the Camili basin has been called as Natural Protection Area.

Savsat Kocabey Quarters


The quarter, 15 km away of the Savsat district, is within the borders of the Sahara Karagol National Park. The Kocabey Quarter Houses attract attention with their original architectural characteristics.

Cehennem Rivulet Canyon


Cehennem Rivulet Canyon at the 25th km of Artvin – Ardanuc highway is one of the spectacular places in Turkey., takes attention by it's interesting nature.